10 ways to challenge gender stereotypes in the classroom

10 ways to challenge gender stereotypes in the classroom

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Have you ever noticed the boys’ section painted blue and the girls’ section painted pink? We all have gender bias, and it is okay to admit it. Gender inequality affects all genders: men, women, and those who identify as unconfirmed or transgender. 

According to UNESCO, inequality exists in access, learning, and opportunities. The goal should be to provide all genders with equal conditions, treatment, and opportunities to realize their potential, human rights, dignity, and contribution to economic, social, cultural, and political development. 

Gender stereotypes can limit children’s opportunities to learn and develop.

What are Gender Stereotypes? 

Gender stereotypes in school are preconceived ideas about how boys and girls should behave, perform, and engage based on their gender. Because of these stereotypes teachers’ expectations, classroom interactions, and students’ self-perceptions might be affected and behave differently. Gender stereotypes will greatly affect the creation of an inclusive and equitable learning environment disturbing the  success of all students.

How to Avoid Gender Stereotypes in the Classroom?

In school and classrooms, Gender stereotypes can be avoided in the following ways:

  • Prevent usage of certain words: Address the class with gender-neutral terms like “students” or ‘children’ instead of “boys and girls” to promote inclusivity.
  • Create a Safe Place: Set up a classroom atmosphere where all students feel safe to express themselves without fear of judgment based on gender.
  • Have safe talks: Support all students in exploring a variety of subjects, including those traditionally associated with the opposite gender, such as encouraging girls in STEM and boys in humanities, or when speaking about specific jobs, try saying things such as ‘a female builder’ or ‘a male nurse’.
  • Challenge Stereotypes: Actively avoid stereotypes when they arise, correcting misconceptions and highlighting various role models.
  • Promote Equal Participation: Ensure both boys and girls have equal opportunities to speak, lead, and participate in class activities.
  • Diversify Classroom Materials: Use textbooks, stories, and examples that represent diverse genders in various roles and professions.
  • Model Behavior: Teachers should display non-stereotypical behaviours and attitudes, showing that interests and abilities are not limited by gender.
  • Educate About Stereotypes: Teach students about the impact of gender stereotypes and encourage critical thinking about gender roles.
  • Avoid Assumptions: Do not make assumptions about students’ abilities or interests based on their gender; treat each student as an individual.
  • Provide Diverse Role Models: Invite speakers and showcase individuals from various fields and backgrounds to show that success and interests are beyond gender.

How Teachers Play a Crucial Role in Challenging Gender Stereotypes in Classroom?

Teachers can play a crucial role in challenging gender stereotypes in the classroom by taking several measures to address gender inequalities in the classroom. They can work to ensure equal participation, opportunities, and treatment of all students regardless of gender. They can provide fair seating arrangements, distribute materials equally, assign roles without bias, and use gender-neutral examples. Teachers should also raise awareness of health, sex education, and gender equality through discussions, stories that promote mutual respect, and inspirational videos depicting its importance. They can support equality and use inclusive materials that showcase diverse achievements. By creating a safe environment where students can express themselves freely, teachers can promote critical thinking about societal norms. 

Examples of Stereotypes in the Classroom

In the classroom, stereotypes can unintentionally affect students’ experiences. Look at the following examples:

  • Boys excel in math and girls excel in language arts
  • Girls and boys cannot work together or be friends with each other
  • Students of certain ethnic backgrounds are expected to perform better or worse in specific subjects
  • Quiet students being less intelligent than their more vocal peers 
  • Athletic students are weak in academics
  • Boys are slower to girls in reading
  • All science groups in class are named after men
  • Assigning roles based on gender, such as assuming boys are better leaders

10 Strategies on How to Avoid Gender Stereotypes in the Classroom

1. Create a safe space

School should be a safe place to learn and explore, where students have the freedom to choose colors, toys, games, and friends, and participate in activities without being judged. They should be able to speak up without fear, and teachers should reassure students that it is okay to be different and encourage cultural acceptance.

2. Challenge stereotype when you hear them

“Why can’t boys wear pink? My brother does.” “Why don’t girls like football? My sister plays.” Whenever teachers hear such stereotypical experiences or sentences from students, they should address them. Teachers can do this by questioning the students and offering counter-examples from their own experiences.

3. Provide a number of role models

Provide children with real-life examples that counter stereotypes. Male teachers can share if they cook in their homes. Name science groups after female scientists, and if possible, invite visitors who challenge stereotypes, such as female firefighters or male nurses. Instead of guiding, teachers should do this to change students’ perceptions subconsciously.

Also Read: Dear teachers, here’s how you make students future-ready

4. Choose books wisely

Most storybooks and even textbooks depict gender inequality. For instance, girls are shown playing with dolls, while boys play cricket. Choosing books that portray characters displaying behaviour associated with the opposite gender can help change students’ stereotypical behaviour.

 5. Conduct activities that break gender biases

Gender bias at home often results in girls being denied equal opportunities to attend school. Teachers can engage all students in household tasks such as cooking, cleaning, and washing utensils. Additionally, teachers can encourage boys to participate in activities like rangoli, mehendi, and crafts, while also encouraging girls to participate in sports like cricket.

6. Find alternative ways to group children

Have you ever lined up your students based on their gender during recess? This can reinforce gender stereotypes. Instead, groups can be formed based on age, birthdays, or the alphabet. Teachers should also encourage students to form friendships with all genders to help them view their identities differently.

7. Address your students equally 

Teachers can change the way they address their students by avoiding gender-specific terms like “girls” and “boys” and using more neutral terms like “students” or “friends.” Nicknames such as buddy, mate, sweetheart, or honey can reinforce gender stereotypes by treating boys as tough and girls as delicate. Gender-specific nicknames can also make LGBTQIA+ individuals feel excluded.

8. Check your own mindset and assumption

Teachers should analyze their biases and assumptions outside the classroom. They can ask themselves questions such as who they spend time with, who their friends are, and how they view their professional and personal work. Teachers should aim to clear their biases before entering the classroom.

9. Plan ahead for how you would respond to a transgender or gender non-conforming child

If there is a transgender child in the classroom, teachers should teach all students to treat them with equality and respect. If there are no gender non-conforming children in the classroom, teachers should still prepare themselves and their students to be compassionate and understanding towards those who are different from them.

10. Use theatre

Drama is a powerful tool for conveying messages and bringing about change. Teachers can assign female characters to male roles, and vice versa, to challenge traditional gender stereotypes. Additionally, students can play roles of different genders to develop empathy towards each other.

Activities to Perform in Classroom for Challenging Gender Stereotypes

Teachers can create a supportive environment where students learn to challenge stereotypes, embrace diversity, and respect each other’s unique identities. Various activities can be implemented to challenge gender stereotypes and promote inclusivity:

  • Role-Model Sharing: Invite guest speakers or showcase videos/stories of diverse individuals breaking gender stereotypes in various fields.
  • Debate Gender Roles: Organize debates or discussions where students critically examine and challenge traditional gender roles and expectations.
  • Career Exploration: Encourage students to research and present about careers traditionally associated with the opposite gender, highlighting diverse opportunities.
  • Literature Analysis: Analyze books, articles, or media for gender stereotypes and discuss how they impact perceptions and behaviors.
  • Equal Participation: Ensure all students have equal opportunities to participate in classroom activities, regardless of gender.
  • Collaborative Projects: Assign group projects that require cooperation and diverse skills, breaking down gender barriers in teamwork.
  • Gender-Neutral Language: Use inclusive language and avoid gender stereotypes when addressing the class or discussing roles and abilities.
  • Identity Maps: Have students create identity maps where they explore their interests, talents, and aspirations beyond gender expectations.
  • Historical Contributions: Highlight contributions of women and minority groups in history, science, and other subjects often overlooked.


Teachers play a significant and critical role in preventing and reducing gender biases in schools. Children’s brains are constantly absorbing messages, and it is the moral duty of teachers to provide them with the right messages. Gender equality not only promotes confidence and empathy among students, but it also provides more opportunities and helps them become better individuals.

Read More: 7 ways to recognize and overcome classroom stereotypes this school year


1. How to challenge gender stereotypes in the classroom?

Challenge gender stereotypes in the classroom by promoting equal participation in activities, using gender-neutral language, showcasing diverse role models, and encouraging open discussions about stereotypes. Promote an environment where all students feel valued and free to pursue their interests, regardless of gender.

2. How to stop stereotyping in the classroom?

To stop stereotyping in the classroom, encourage critical thinking about biases, use inclusive language, and diversify teaching materials. Promote respect for all cultures and backgrounds, and challenge stereotypes when they arise. Enable a classroom environment that values individuality and equity over stereotypes.

3. What is a stereotype threat in the classroom?

Stereotype threat in the classroom is the fear that students can have of establishing negative stereotypes about their social group. This fear can negatively impact their performance and engagement, creating a stereotype threat. It is thus crucial to create an inclusive environment to overcome this threat.

4. What are two strategies that could be implemented to challenge gender stereotypes within the school?

The two strategies that could be implemented to challenge gender stereotypes within the school are:

  • Curriculum Review: Ensure teaching materials represent diverse genders in various roles, challenging traditional stereotypes.
  • Awareness Programs: Conduct workshops to educate students, as well as teachers, and parents about gender stereotypes and their impact, promoting a culture of equality and respect.