5 Best Practices to Boost Girls’ Education and Reduce Dropout Rates

5 Best Practices to Boost Girls’ Education and Reduce Dropout Rates

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Girls' Education


Education is one of the most powerful tools to create a more equitable and just society. Yet, millions of girls worldwide are still denied the opportunity to access quality education. According to sources, nearly 40% of adolescent girls in India lack access to education and are forced to stay at home due to various reasons such as poverty, gender discrimination, early marriage, domestic violence and social norms.

The literacy rate of women in India is only at 65%. The situation has improved slightly over the years, but there is still a lot of work to be done to ensure access to quality education for all girls in India.

This is due to various socio-cultural and economic factors that result in high dropout rates among girls. Several best practices and policies can be implemented to promote girls’ education and reduce dropout rates. According to UNICEF, around 23% of girls in India drop out of school once they reach puberty. Other reasons include schools failing to address gender biases and harmful traditional methods, provide scholarships and financial incentives, ensure safe and supportive learning environments, address health-related barriers, and engage families and communities. 

Promoting girls’ education benefits individuals and brings positive change in the community, including improving health outcomes, reducing poverty, and promoting gender equality. Therefore, it is essential to prioritize girls’ education and implement policies and programs that create equal opportunities for all.

1. Addressing socio-cultural norms and gender biases

Addressing socio-cultural norms and gender biases is critical in promoting girls’ education and reducing dropout rates. Such tendencies can result in girls being undervalued, discouraged, or prevented from attending school. Education and awareness campaigns can be initiated to engage parents, caregivers, and community leaders in the importance of girls’ education. It is essential to highlight the long-term benefits of education and dispel any myths and misconceptions about gender roles and education. This can involve community leaders in discussions, organizing community events, and promoting positive role models for girls.

At the school level, gender-sensitive policies and practices should be in place that ensure girls have equal access to education, including gender-segregated toilets, female teachers and staff, and anti-harassment policies. Teachers can also play a crucial role in promoting gender equality in the classroom by challenging gender stereotypes, encouraging girls to participate in extracurricular activities, and supporting girls experiencing social or emotional challenges.

2. Providing scholarships and financial incentives

Scholarships and incentives can help families overcome financial barriers to education and encourage them to prioritize their daughters’ education. Schools can provide scholarships and financial incentives to girls who achieve academic excellence, show regular attendance, or demonstrate financial need. Scholarships and incentives can motivate girls to perform better and remain in school, knowing that their efforts are recognized and rewarded. Schools can also provide free or subsidized textbooks, uniforms, and other essential school supplies to reduce the financial burden on families.

Also Read: 5 Reasons Why School Infrastructure Is Important for A Child’s Growth

3. Ensuring safe and supportive learning environments

Girls may face various forms of violence and harassment in and around school, including sexual violence, bullying, and discrimination. These experiences can significantly impact their learning and overall well-being, leading to lower academic achievement and higher dropout rates.

Schools can ensure a safe and supportive learning environment for girls. A safe environment can include establishing gender-segregated toilets, providing safe transportation, and implementing anti-harassment policies. Schools can also train teachers and staff to identify and respond to violence and harassment. Teachers can create a safe and supportive classroom environment by being attentive to the needs of their female students, providing gender-sensitive pedagogy, and actively challenging gender stereotypes. They can also provide girls with mentorship, guidance, and support to help them succeed in school and beyond.


4. Addressing health-related barriers

Girls may face various health-related challenges that can prevent them from attending school, including menstrual health issues, lack of access to sanitation facilities, and health-related stigma. Schools can provide clean and safe sanitation facilities, including separate toilets for girls, and ensure access to menstrual hygiene products. Schools can also offer health education programs that address health-related stigma, mental health, and reproductive health, encouraging girls to prioritize their health and well-being.

5. Engaging families and communities

Families and communities play a crucial role in supporting girls’ education and can help create an environment that values and prioritizes education for girls. Schools can engage families and communities at the school level by organizing parent-teacher meetings, involving families in school activities and events, and creating opportunities for community members to volunteer at the school. Schools can also provide information on the benefits of girls’ education, including the long-term economic and social benefits, to encourage families to prioritize their daughters’ education.

Schools can also work with community leaders and organizations to create awareness campaigns and outreach programs that promote girls’ education. These programs can include workshops, seminars, and community events that address the barriers to girls’ education and provide resources and support to families.


Promoting girls’ education and reducing dropout rates is crucial in creating a more equitable and just society. It is important to note that educated girls have the potential to make a significant impact on the economy and household levels. Educated girls are more likely to find employment and earn higher wages, leading to greater economic stability and improved living standards for their families. Additionally, educated girls are more likely to prioritize education for their children, creating a cycle of education and empowerment that can impact communities and societies.


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