What are the effect of female school dropouts on economic development and social welfare?

What are the effect of female school dropouts on economic development and social welfare?

Home - Education - What are the effect of female school dropouts on economic development and social welfare?
female school dropouts

Education is a crucial tool for promoting economic development and social welfare. By empowering individuals with knowledge, skills, and values critical for personal growth and well-being, education contributes to the development of society and the economy. Despite the importance of education, many girls in India are still dropping out of school, significantly impacting the country’s economic growth and social welfare. In this article, we will explore the effect of female school dropouts on economic growth and social welfare in India.

 

Effect of female school dropouts on economic development and social welfare-

Education and Economic Development

Education plays a critical role in driving economic development. It is a well-established fact that educated individuals are more productive and earn higher wages than those without education. According to a report by the World Bank, a one-year increase in the average years of schooling can increase a country’s GDP by 0.37%. Furthermore, educated individuals are more likely to contribute to the growth of industries, as they possess the necessary skills and knowledge required in a particular field.

The Importance of Education

Education is essential for empowering individuals to improve their financial status, health, and overall well-being. It enables individuals to develop critical thinking, problem-solving, and communication skills necessary for personal and professional growth. Education also promotes social inclusion and equity by providing equal opportunities for all individuals, regardless of their gender, race, or ethnicity.

However, despite the crucial role of education in promoting economic growth and social welfare, many girls in India are still dropping out of school. The reasons for this include poverty, early marriage, lack of access to basic facilities like toilets, gender discrimination, and safety concerns. This has significant implications for India’s economic development and social welfare.

Also Read: 5 Reasons Why School Infrastructure Is Important for A Child’s Growth

The State of Education in India

Despite significant progress in recent years, education remains a challenge in India. According to a report by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO), the dropout rate for girls in India is higher than that for boys, particularly in rural areas. In the 2017-2018 academic year, the dropout rate for girls was 4.1%, compared to 3.4% for boys. The report also found that the highest dropout rate was in the age group of 15-16 years.

However, the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2020-2021, released by the Ministry of Education, shows that female enrolments have increased from 1.88 crores in 2019-20 to 2.01 crores in 2020-21, indicating an increase of approximately 44 lakh (28%) since 2014-15. The percentage of female enrolments to total enrolments has also risen from 45% in 2014-15 to nearly 49% in 2020-21. While there has been an increase in enrolment for girls in recent years, there are still many critical areas to be covered in the future.

Reasons for Female School Dropouts in India 

There are several reasons why girls drop out of school in India. One of the primary reasons is poverty, as many families cannot afford to send their daughters to school due to financial constraints. Another reason is the need for more infrastructure and basic amenities in schools. Many schools lack proper toilet facilities, which makes it challenging for girls to attend school regularly. Additionally, social and cultural factors play a significant role in female school dropouts. Early marriage, gender discrimination, and the expectation of domestic duties are some reasons why girls drop out of school.

Economic Impact on Female School Dropouts 

The economic and social impact of female school dropouts is considerable, both at an individual and societal level. From a personal perspective, dropping out of school can severely limit a girl’s employment opportunities and earning potential. According to a World Bank study, every additional year of schooling for a girl increases her earning potential by 10-20%. By dropping out of school early, girls are depriving themselves of the opportunity to earn higher wages and enjoy better economic prospects.

From a societal perspective, the economic impact of female school dropouts can be equally significant. A lack of educated women in the workforce can lead to a skills gap and a loss of productivity, harming economic growth and development. A study by the McKinsey Global Institute estimated that if women in India participated in the workforce at the same rate as men, it could add $2.9 trillion to the country’s GDP by 2025.

Social Impact of Female School Dropouts 

Moreover, the social impact of female school dropouts is significant. Girls who drop out of school early are often more vulnerable to poverty, exploitation, and other forms of discrimination. They are also less likely to be aware of their rights and less equipped to advocate for themselves, perpetuating a cycle of poverty and disadvantage. 

Education is essential for promoting gender equality and empowering women. By depriving girls of education, we are limiting their ability to participate in society and exercise their rights fully, leading to higher levels of gender-based violence, lower levels of political participation, and other forms of inequality.

Solutions to Address Female School Dropouts in India 

Several solutions can be implemented to address the issue of female school dropouts in India. One of the most effective solutions is to provide financial incentives to families to send their daughters to school. The government can provide cash transfers or scholarships to cover the cost of education. Additionally, improving the infrastructure and basic amenities in schools can help reduce dropouts. Schools should have proper toilet facilities, safe drinking water, and adequate classroom space to accommodate all students. Finally, addressing social and cultural factors contributing to female school dropouts is crucial. Raising awareness about the importance of education and promoting gender equality can help address these factors.

Conclusion

In conclusion, female school dropouts significantly affect India’s economic development and social welfare. Urgent and coordinated efforts are required from the government and civil society organizations to address the issue. Improving the quality of education, providing safe and secure schooling facilities, addressing gender-based discrimination, and promoting policies that encourage female education are some of the measures that can be taken. By addressing this issue, India can take a significant step towards achieving gender equality, enhancing economic growth, and ensuring social welfare for all its citizens.

 

Read related articles :

 

Share:

Leave A Comment

Latest Blogs

Most Viewed Blogs

Categories