What are the best exams to take to get into engineering courses?

What are the best exams to take to get into engineering courses?

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Entrance exams for engineering course

Getting into an engineering institution after high school can be challenging for many students who require more guidance. As a result, they may miss out on significant opportunities to enroll in reputable colleges and become distracted. This can lead to a loss of crucial time that could have been used to prepare for the admissions process. Without proper knowledge, students will have little chance of surviving the intense competition of admission tests.

Range of Engineering

It is essential to understand the range of engineering before learning about the admissions procedure. Engineering provides numerous job choices for students, and attending reputable universities can lead to employment both in India and overseas. During campus placements, engineers are offered a competitive remuneration package. Every year, many reputable businesses acquire new talent from engineering universities.

There are over 20 different specialties in engineering, including:

1. Civil Engineering

A professional engineering discipline that focuses on the design, construction, and maintenance of the built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewage systems, pipelines, building structural elements, and railways.

India’s building industry encompasses the urban development sector and other types of real estate. Urban development includes areas such as urban water supply, schools, healthcare, sanitation, and transportation. The real estate sector includes offices, residential areas, hotels, shopping centers, recreation areas, and retail. This creates job prospects in India for civil engineering.

2. Chemical Engineering

A chemical engineer is a specialist who possesses the knowledge and skills required to develop and manufacture a wide range of products, including pharmaceuticals, dyes, paper, fertilizers, petrochemicals, plastics, and polymers. Chemical engineering has diverse applications across a broad range of industries, creating many job opportunities. Here are a few examples:

  • Energy Engineer
  • Chemical Engineer
  • Color Technologist
  • Biotechnologist
  • Product/Process Development Scientist
  • Petroleum Engineer

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3. Computer Science and Engineering

Computer science engineering is an academic program that covers both the scientific and technical aspects of computing. Computer science engineering focuses on design, computation, and programming languages.

As the IT sector experiences a boom in the current era, the demand for software engineers and computer science engineering professionals is expected to increase. The computer science and engineering courses offer training in coding, project management, programming languages, software expertise, and software design.

4. Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace engineering is an engineering discipline that teaches students how to design and build spaceships and aircraft. Aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering are the two primary subfields of aerospace engineering. Avionics engineering is another field of aeronautical engineering that focuses on the electronics aspect of the discipline.

Industries are increasingly using flight technology to boost productivity, efficiency, and cost. The aerospace engineering sector is experiencing rapid growth in India.

5. Electronics Engineering

In today’s digital environment, Electronics and Communication Engineering is one of the most desired and rapidly growing sectors. Designing, creating, studying, and testing electronic equipment used in various systems are all aspects of this branch of engineering, according to the best Electrical & Communication Engineering College in India.

The IT and telecommunications, power electronics, consumer electronics, healthcare manufacturing, as well as other industries like steel, petroleum, and chemical industry, are some of the fields where students who have studied electronics and communication engineering can progress their careers.

6. Mechanical Engineering

One of the oldest and most diversified specializations is mechanical engineering. It offers a wide variety of opportunities in numerous industries, with different employment responsibilities, and overall career alternatives, such as machine learning, polymer engineering, environmental engineering, etc.

India’s fast industrialization has led to significant demand for mechanical engineers. Mechanical engineers with the right skills have countless job opportunities both in India and abroad.

7. Nuclear Engineering

The usage of various sub-atomic processes based on nuclear physics principles as well as the splitting or combining of atomic nuclei are all aspects of nuclear engineering in India.

Careers in nuclear engineering in India are increasingly more deeply rooted in the industrial sectors. This profession has become well-known in the engineering industry thanks to its explosive expansion.

8. Marine Engineering

The study of technical and mechanical features of numerous pieces of hardware and technology used in the merchant navy is a component of marine engineering. This includes the structure of machinery, oil rigs, various marine vessels, and other similar aspects. It also includes the engineering of ships and boats.

Both in India and abroad, marine engineering offers professional opportunities. Government agencies, as well as commercial businesses, have openings for maritime engineers. 

Following completion of Marine Engineering, the following careers and jobs are listed:

– Nautical architects

– Marine engineers

– Managers of marine technology sites

– Technicians and others who work with metal

– Suppliers and Contractors

9. Mining Engineering

In the field of engineering, mining involves the extraction of minerals from the earth, either above ground, in open pits, or underground. Mining engineering is related to numerous fields, including mineral processing, exploration, excavation, geology, metallurgy, geotechnical engineering, and surveying. 

Mining engineers in India have access to a variety of job options in both the governmental and private sectors. Due to the retirement of already employed mining engineers and the relatively small number of institutes and candidates graduating to fulfill the need, the sector is constantly in need of professionals and trained labor that can contribute to its rapid expansion.

Types of admission tests for Engineering students

There are two types of engineering admission tests: National-level entrance exams and State-level entrance exams. Various states conduct separate admission tests for engineering. Students who pass the state-level engineering entrance test are eligible for admission to any program within the state.

If a student receives a high score on the national engineering entrance test, they can acquire admission anywhere in India. The most well-known national-level admission tests include:

  • JEE Mains and JEE Advanced

JEE (Mains and Advance)

The most challenging admission exams in India are JEE Mains and JEE Advanced. Each test sees over 10 lakh applicants annually, yet only a few seats are available in the best colleges across India. JEE Mains and Advanced are both administered by two distinct organizations. Students who complete JEE Mains are qualified to take JEE Advanced. While students can enroll in any national institution through JEE Mains, they can only enroll in the IITs through JEE Advanced.

Several prestigious universities hold their admission examinations, and the results of any other standard entry tests are not accepted. Students who want to enroll in those universities must take the appropriate admission tests.

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Benefits of clearing JEE Mains and Advance exams

  • Students will have greater opportunities to enter the best and top-tier engineering universities if they perform very well on both the JEE Mains and JEE Advanced exams.
  • These exams are challenging, but clearing them not only opens the door to admission to top colleges but also allows students to choose an interesting field of engineering according to their interests.
  • Students can select their college of interest from around India. They are not restricted to only one state after clearing the JEE Mains and Advance exams.
  • Clearing JEE Mains and JEE Advanced allows students to be selected by top colleges, which helps them grow in their academics and increases the possibility of top-paid jobs in engineering within and outside of the country.
  • The best universities in India, including NITs and IITs, accept it. Additionally, because of the JEE’s reputation, candidates can use their JEE score to get admitted to other prestigious universities around the nation.


Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), a private university established in 1984, is located in Tamil Nadu’s Vellore district. The Indian government recognizes VIT as a premier institution that provides academic, integrated, postgraduate, and undergraduate services. It has numerous national and international collaborations and various clubs for extracurricular activities.

The computer-based VITEEE exam is administered in multiple locations in India and some other countries. It covers Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology, and English in the English-language essay that lasts for two and a half hours. Since VITEEE’s syllabus is similar to that of 11th and 12th grades, it is less complex than JEE.


Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani, conducts the Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) 2023 for undergraduate engineering programmes (BE) in its three campuses in Pilani, Goa, and Hyderabad. Students passing the admissions test will be given admission into the BE, BPharm, and MSc programmes. Every year, over 3 lakh students enrol for the online entrance exam.

The exam is held twice a year, and there are 61 exam centers. BITSAT is nearly as difficult as JEE Mains, and to pass it, you must have both accuracy and speed. JEE Advanced is more challenging than BITSAT as it requires a deeper understanding of the concepts.

Apart from national-level admission examinations, students can also get admission to engineering courses through state-level admission tests.

State-level engineering exams offer similar opportunities as national-level exams, but they have some limitations:

  • Only colleges in the state where the exam is conducted are available for selection.
  • Candidates who want to enrol in colleges in other states need to take different exams since the results of state-level assessments are not recognised outside the state.

Benefits of State-level exams

  • Comparatively less tough than national-level exams
  • Students who do not want to study outside their state can opt for state-level exams
  • Candidates who pass this exam will be admitted to prestigious universities throughout the state

Some of the top state-level entrance exams for engineering institutes include:

WBJEE – The state of West Bengal administers the West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE) as a requirement for admission to both government-run and for-profit engineering institutes. WBJEE is an optical mark recognition (OMR)-based test that is administered offline. There are a total of two papers: paper 1 covers mathematics, while paper 2 covers physics and chemistry. There are 200 points granted overall for the three papers (Chemistry, Physics – 50M, Mathematics – 100M).

KCET – The state of Karnataka administers the Karnataka Common Entrance Exam (KCET) to applicants seeking admission to professional programs like B.E. and B.Tech at engineering institutes. Each of the three papers—Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics—is worth 60 points. There is a 1-hour, 20-minute time restriction, and there is no negative marking in KCET. Every correct response earns one mark.

MHT-CET – The Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Exam (MHT-CET), a common admission exam for numerous engineering and pharmacy institutions, is administered by the Maharashtra government. Candidates for engineering degrees must take the Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics exams. Together with Physics and Chemistry, prospective pharmacy students have the choice of taking either Mathematics or Biology. The exam lasts for one hour and 30 minutes. Each paper carries a total of 50 points, with 2 marks given for each correct response in the Mathematics paper and 1 mark for each correct response in the other papers.

GUJCET, UPSEE, COMEDK, and EAMCET are some of the other state-level exams conducted in Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana, respectively, to get into engineering courses.

Eligibility for entrance to an engineering institution after completing high school:

The requirements to study engineering are the same across India, although various institutions accept different admission tests. To be eligible for an engineering program, a student must meet the following criteria:

  • Pass the 12th-grade test
  • Have a minimum score of 50% in the 12th examination, which is the lowest percentage that institutions will accept.
  • Study math, physics, and chemistry in the 11th and 12th grades
  • Study biology in their 11th and 12th grades if they intend to major in biomedical engineering.

After high school, there is intense competition for admission to engineering colleges, and many students put forth a lot of effort in their studies to perform well on the entrance examinations. Some students even receive specialized tutoring during their 12th-grade year to gain admission to the IITs. Therefore, students who are interested in engineering need to be prepared to put in a lot of effort if they want to succeed in the field despite stiff competition.


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