How do school finance companies work in India?

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India has a large base of affordable private schools, which presents a huge opportunity for children from low-income families to get access to quality education. Indian school finance companies (NBFCs or other financial institutions) lend to these established schools and give incremental loans to build science or computer labs or buy computers. The loans are for affordable private schools. These school owners charge low fees and serve the lower-income segments, dedicating their entire lives to the cause.

Many school finance companies are specialised in lending to private schools. The private school sector in India has grown dramatically during the last two decades. The sector serves nearly 12 crore students (half of our current student population). The rise of private schools is an important but little-known chapter of our education system. Contrary to popular belief, the industry does not solely serve the wealthy. It has been powered by a surge in demand from low and middle-income households across the country, with 45% of students paying less than INR 500 per month as course fees. The quality of learning in private schools, on the other hand, needs attention.

The rising of budget private schools 

According to data from the Unified District Information System for Education, total enrolment in private schools climbed by 36% (around 16 million students) between 2011 and 2015. This growing demand among parents is indicative of the sector’s potential growth, with 70% of private school students enrolled in over  200,000-400,000 budget private schools. Budget private schools get support from parents who believe these schools offer them an affordable education (less than INR 15,000 in annual fees) for their children.

Private schooling in India is highly regulated with both the central and state governments imposing regulations and setting up barriers to accessing financing. Operating in a highly fragmented and competitive environment, budget private school owners need significant investment in order to meet the institutional requirements. Philanthropic funding, venture capitalist and social investor investments, and bank and school finance are also possible sources of funds. However, philanthropic funding is limited to a small number of schools, and the unfavourable regulatory environment makes banks and investors hesitant to invest. Banks simply refuse to provide loans to any such affordable private schools.

To address this gap in the market, Indian school finance companies provide infrastructural  funding and loan requirements to schools and institutions. These loan-taking processes are simple to avail but less awareness about the existence of these services among edupreneurs has resulted in limited borrowing.

How do school finance companies work in India?

The rapid growth of low cost private schools in urban slums and rural areas across the country has long faced the question: whether the education provided by these low cost private schools with poor infrastructure provides the “right” environment for a child’s development, and what should be done to enhance their teaching quality?

To answer this question, yes, educational institutions like these do need a large number of funds to cover all the costs and meet the requirements of infrastructure, facilities, quality of teachers criteria. Indian school finance companies offer loans to help the owners expand their infrastructure in order to satisfy the growing demands of students, parents, and regulatory authorities.

Features of School Finance

Faster loans

Quick and hassle-free loans with fast approvals

Customised loans

Avail customised school finance for larger school projects

Best rates

Personalised doorstep service

Flexible tenure

Ease of repayment through the flexible loan tenure

They offer two types of school finance:

  • Secured school finance

Borrowers have to mortgage a property in return known as collateral to avail the loan for a school from the lender. The school loans for private schools can be used for the construction of new school buildings, new classrooms, purchase of land for school expansion, setting up of computer and science labs, purchasing of vehicles like school buses and vans, and many more.

  • Unsecured school finance

There is no collateral required to borrow this type of school finance. The private school loans can be used to purchase furniture and equipment like computers, desks or tables, LCD projectors, fans, classroom digital boards, sports materials, science lab materials, and smart classes, etc. It can also be used for CCTV installation, buying new IT software or hardware infrastructure, construction of restrooms and many more.

Documents required for the school finance

  • KYC documents
  • Relevant business financial documents
  • Proof of business: Incorporation or registration certificate
  • Bank account statements
  • Depending on the loan type-collateral documents are required

To provide the best of education and a proper learning environment, schools and educational institutions should be well equipped with the proper tools and set up to cultivate young minds. As technology advances and schools are upgraded, proper expansion and accommodations allow for better learning. To achieve this institutional expansion, a large amount of funds is often required to meet the ever-expanding needs. In such situations, school finance comes into the picture. The loan accepts a wide range of collaterals. Given the growing demand among parents, Indian school finance companies lend money to affordable private schools or institute owners for the construction of a new building or classroom and for the renovation of existing buildings within the school premises. Renovations to the new laboratory, library, and classrooms are likewise simple and quick to accomplish. This will subsequently improve the learning environment for these school-going kids. 

 

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