School Leaders Have Major Impact On Mental Health: How To Lead For Wellbeing

School Leaders Have Major Impact On Mental Health: How To Lead For Wellbeing

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School Leaders Mental health

Affordable private schools in India are trying to make quality education accessible to all. A school is made up of various factors such as administration, teachers, students, and parents, but school leaders are the link between them that makes all the factors work together. The quality of leadership in schools is one of the most important school-based factors determining student outcomes.

There are over 400,000 affordable private schools in India. These schools were thriving tremendously, but the pandemic severely impacted them. The pandemic brought various challenges for schools, such as low cash flow, a decrease in enrollment, learning gaps, and a shift in the teaching process. Due to their many responsibilities and leadership roles, school leaders are more likely to have poor well-being and higher burnout than other employees.

The major reason behind burnout is that school leaders are coping with the demands of their role, such as adapting to new educational trends, increasing education technology, and low cash flow after Covid. This leads them to suffer from anxiety, stress, and burnout. Mental health impacts physical health and can lead to health conditions such as heart attacks, high blood pressure, and diabetes. It is important for school leaders to be mentally healthy to work efficiently and contribute to an overall positive outcome for the school. Many school leaders rely on a range of coping strategies, but they have a limited impact on well-being.

Factors affecting mental health of teachers

The mental health of teachers is influenced by a variety of factors that can stem from both professional and personal dimensions. To help teachers maintain their mental health, it is important to know their boundaries and time restraints, respect their capacities, create a support system, and provide health education resources. Some of the key factors affecting the mental health of teachers include:

  • Workload: Teachers often face heavy workloads including lesson planning, grading, managing classroom activities, and meeting educational standards, which can lead to stress and burnout.
  • Work Environment: A supportive or toxic school climate can significantly affect a teacher’s mental health. Supportive colleagues and administration can enhance well-being, while conflict or lack of support can exacerbate stress.
  • Student Behavior: Managing classroom discipline and addressing diverse student needs and behaviors can be challenging and stressful.
  • Professional Development: Opportunities for professional growth and the degree of autonomy teachers have over their teaching methods and classroom management can impact their job satisfaction and mental health.
  • Expectations and Accountability: High expectations from parents, school administrators, and societal pressures regarding student performance can lead to increased stress.
  • Job Security and Compensation: Concerns about job security, inadequate compensation, and benefits can also affect teachers’ mental health.
  • Personal Life: Personal life events, such as family responsibilities, health issues, or financial problems, can also impact mental health.
  • Work-Life Balance: The ability to maintain a healthy balance between professional responsibilities and personal life can be crucial in managing stress and preventing burnout.
  • Access to Resources: Limited access to teaching resources and support materials can increase job difficulty and stress.

How School Leaders can ensure their well-being?

Addressing the above factors effectively requires comprehensive support systems within schools, where School Leaders play a major role. Teachers are on the front lines, identifying and supporting students with mental health concerns. Ensuring the well-being of teachers is crucial for fostering a positive and productive school environment. There are a few ways that school leaders can ensure their well-being:

1. Supporting self-care

Due to increasing demands and workload, school leaders often ignore their physical, mental, and emotional health. School leaders take care of teachers and teachers take care of children, but who takes care of school leaders? Practicing self-care can help leaders cope with workload stress. Establishing daily healthy habits like eating healthily, staying hydrated, daily reflection, or writing a journal can help them practice self-care. Writing a journal helps track emotional health and daily actions.

Self-grooming makes a person more confident and develops a sense of self-worth. Self-grooming can include taking care of the body through different activities, including skincare and nourishing the mind by consuming knowledge and content. Identifying hobbies or interests and practicing them helps to relax, feel happy, and reduce stress.

2. Maintaining work life balance

Excessive workload and a lack of work-life balance remain key issues that drive poor mental health. This may lead to exhaustion, poor relationships and work performance, and a poor quality of life. School leaders can start by setting smaller goals for changing work patterns. Don’t try to change everything at once. Better time management techniques may help to save time and improve performance.

School leaders should change their mindset when they get home, including physical and mental separation. Do not carry school stuff home if it’s not necessary. Be present in the moment when at home and in a professional setup. It is also necessary to analyze and set boundaries and communicate them to the people at work and in their personal life. A very important part of balancing work-life balance is to say “No” when something does not fit in your importance and priority. This helps to stay focused on goals and fulfill them, leading to reduced stress. School leaders should allow themselves to rest properly and should not overschedule themselves. They must have holidays when possible and take short breaks during the day to keep themselves refreshed.

Also Read: 5 Mental Health Tips For School Leaders

3. Promoting physical fitness

Staying fit seems difficult considering school leaders’ packed lifestyle. As we all know, the body and mind are interconnected and affect each other. A healthy body leads to a healthy mind, so allocating some time for physical activities may uplift the quality of life. School leaders can start the day with physical exercise and yoga. If someone finds exercise quite difficult, then some simple activities can help them stay healthy, like taking the stairs instead of the elevator, daily walking between free time, cycling, swimming, gardening, and household work. After exercise, the body releases hormones that reduce stress. Adequate sleep is also a way to stay physically and mentally fit. Enough sleep helps to stay active and energetic all day, ensuring quality work and efficient time management.

4. Encouraging personal and professional development

School leaders consistently engage in providing learning opportunities to students and teachers, but do they think about their own learning engagements? Continual personal and professional development provides the capacity to cope better with challenges.

School leaders can listen to podcasts during their free time, read books for professional development, join and meet with groups of like-minded people for professional development and enhancement in the knowledge of their domain. In personal development, school leaders can focus on developing skills like communication, critical thinking, and problem-solving. Such professional and personal growth helps to grow self-confidence and better coping skills, which further reduce anxiety, stress, and burnout.

5. Helping improve emotional intelligence

In the fast-moving world, things are happening very quickly. In coping with new challenges, school leaders often overlook their emotions. In Indian society, there is still little awareness about mental and emotional health. Emotional intelligence helps people identify emotions and direct them in the right ways, leading to good mental health. There are some ways to improve emotional intelligence, such as practicing gratitude, which helps to improve professional and personal relationships.


School leaders should be gentle with themselves, and it’s okay to experience failure. Reflection and analysis can help them perform better in the future. Meditation helps to have more clarity in thoughts. School leaders can attend meditation sessions or use apps. Compassion is the core of emotional intelligence, and being kind to themselves and others helps school leaders improve their mental health.

There is a need for school leaders to develop awareness about the importance of their mental health. Clear goals regarding mental health will provide them with a clear path to proceed towards it. The physical and mental growth of school leaders contributes directly to the school’s and students’ growth.


1. What is the role of leaders in mental health?

Leaders play a crucial role in mental health. They can prioritize their own mental well-being by managing expectations and seeking support when needed. Additionally, leaders can model positive behaviors, remove stigma around mental health issues, and promote open communication about mental well-being within their teams. They can by setting a supportive culture, providing resources, and ensuring that the well-being of individuals is prioritized in their organization or community.

2. What are the most common mental health issues in schools?

  • Anxiety and Stress:Including heavy workloads, classroom management, and high expectations. Balancing teaching responsibilities with personal well-being can be demanding.
  • Depression: Factors such as burnout, pressure to meet educational standards, and challenging student behaviors contribute to this issue.
  • Emotional Exhaustion: The emotional demands of teaching, coupled with external pressures, can lead to feelings of exhaustion and fatigue.
  • Lack of Resources and Training: Many teachers lack proper training in addressing students’ mental health needs. They may feel ill-equipped to handle emotional crises or identify signs of distress.
  • Time Constraints: Balancing lesson planning, grading, and administrative tasks can leave little room for personalized support.
  • Collaboration Challenges: Teachers need better communication channels and partnerships to address students’ mental health effectively.
  • Self-Care: Teachers must prioritize their own well-being. Neglecting self-care can lead to burnout and impact their ability to support students.

3. How can your school better support students’ well-being?

To better support students’ well-being, schools can adopt a holistic approach that integrates emotional, mental, and physical health into the educational environment. This can be achieved by implementing comprehensive mental health education and awareness programs, ensuring easy access to counseling services, and training staff to recognize and address mental health issues effectively. Schools can also foster a supportive and inclusive school culture by promoting peer support groups, implementing anti-bullying policies, and encouraging open communication between students, teachers, and parents.

4. What is the role of schools in promoting mental health awareness?

Schools have the unique opportunity to educate students, staff, and the broader community about mental health issues, reduce stigma on mental health conditions, and emphasize the importance of emotional well-being. They can incorporate mental health education into their curricula, organize workshops, and provide resources that foster an understanding of mental health. By training teachers and staff to recognize signs of mental distress and providing support systems such as counseling and peer support groups, schools can actively promote early intervention and support. Also, by engaging in partnerships with mental health professionals and organizations, schools can enhance their capabilities to address mental health needs effectively, ensuring a supportive and inclusive environment for all students.

5. Why should schools promote mental well-being?

  • Academic Success: A positive mental state enhances cognitive functioning, memory retention, and problem-solving abilities, leading to improved academic performance.
  • Emotional Resilience: These skills help students navigate challenges, setbacks, and adversity effectively.
  • Reducing Stigma: Schools reduce the stigma associated with seeking help and students feel comfortable discussing their emotions. They are more likely to seek support when needed.
  • Preventing Mental Health Issues: Schools can identify signs of distress and provide timely support, preventing minor issues from escalating into more significant mental health challenges.
  • Creating a Supportive Environment: Students and staff feel supported, leading to better overall well-being.
  • Social-Emotional Learning (SEL): These skills contribute to healthier interpersonal relationships and emotional intelligence.
  • Long-Term Impact: Students who learn healthy coping mechanisms and emotional regulation are better prepared for adulthood.

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