New Education Policy: Merits and Demerits

New Education Policy: Merits and Demerits

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New Education Policy

The New Education Policy 2020 created to reform the existing academic system in India came after 30 years with an aim to upgrade India’s schools to the level of international standards of academics. It is developed in collaboration with the central and state governments.

Merits of New Education Policy

To Design the School Structure:

The current 10+2 school structure will be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 pattern to reduce the burden of exams on students. This 5+3+3+4 structure is for 3 to 8 years, 8 to 11 years, 11 to 14 years, and 14 to 18 years. 12 years of education, 3 years of Anganwadi and pre-primary education are included in this structure. 

Students are also trained in gardening, carpentry, pottery, painting, etc. They focus on vocational learning from grades 6-8 to explore their interests and learn practical skills. It aims to re-design the structure with inclusion of holistic development for the students. NEP 2020 also introduces computers and coding classes, which will be a positive step towards improving the learning process.

Core Skills:

The Ministry of Education should create a national mission on core literacy and numeracy. A national curriculum and pedagogical framework for daycare and early childhood education will be created by NCERT to reach all these students up to third grade. This implementation is planned to be completed by 2025.

Critical Thinking:

The board exam mainly tests students’ ability to memorize and rote learning. NEP 2020 proposes to test the students’ critical thinking, rationalization, and creativity with the practical application of their knowledge. Critical thinking can be an important aspect of evaluating one’s efforts and believing what one is doing is correct or not. The pattern of the test is in the form that tests the authenticity and factual knowledge.

Education is a Basic right:

Many programs like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, which provides compulsory education from the age of 8 to 14 years, have been successfully implemented by the government. The updated NEP 2020 includes children between the ages of 3 and 18 for free education in government institutions.

Investment in the Education Sector:

India’s education sector accounts for only 3% of the GDP. With the implementation of NEP 2020, investment in education has increased to 6%. Investment of 6% of GDP is a big deal for India, especially looking at the current state of the economy. However, the impact can only be assessed after the policy is implemented.

Teaching Methodology:

There will be mandatory 4-year training for teachers to improve the quality of education and measures will be taken to ensure that the education system is able to deal with various issues, including student support and assistance, as well as training, to teach disabled students. In 2022, NCERT, SCERTs, and the National Board of Teacher Education will develop a common National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) in consultation with teachers and expert bodies.

Other programs: Special Bal Bhavans Boarding Schools to be introduced in every State / District of India. This school will be used to participate in sports, career, and art activities. A comprehensive national education policy should be formulated. SSSA or Independent State School Standards Authority will be established by the States/UTs.

Also Read: Simple guidelines to improve teaching quality and effectiveness in the classroom

Demerits of New Education Policy:

English language:

According to NEP 2020, students in government schools are introduced to English at a later stage than students in private schools. Government schools will start teaching English only after class 5, which will be a challenge for students who can only afford to go to government-run institutions. The curriculum will be taught in the regional language for students of government schools. This will increase the number of students who are not comfortable speaking English and would widen the gap between the sections of the society.

Focus on Digital Learning:

While it may seem practical and need of the hour, the focus on digitization of education and e-learning development in NEP 2020 seems to ignore the fact that around 30% of Indians can’t afford a smartphone and fewer still have access to the computer. Government-run schools also lack a strong IT infrastructure, so students in remote areas or those with low socio-economic status may not be able to adapt to IT-based learning until such facilities are made available quickly.

Undergraduate Program:

Under the updated policy, since students can leave graduate school and still receive a certificate or diploma, it may cause students to drop out without completing their studies, which may lead to not being serious about course completion and high drop-out rates.

Although the new education policy has some drawbacks, the merits outnumber them. Implementing these changes would definitely be a positive step towards India’s academic system development.

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